The Art of Natural Dressage

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PostPosted: Wed Feb 16, 2011 2:51 am 

Joined: Fri Nov 07, 2008 2:02 pm
Posts: 1072
Location: UK Worcester/Hereford border
Kali, I was not trying to criticise your explanation of what you did before you used clicker.
I really did like your PonyPros explanation better.

This was the article I read as food for thought I found it well expressed by Sola Wolff :
http://equinerevelation.com/articles.html

What counts as a punishment? What is an "aversive"?
A punishment is anything that decreases the future occurrence of a behavior. An aversive can be anything that a horse finds painful, uncomfortable, frustrating, or irritating. Usually when we offer an aversive it is a punisher, but sometimes it isn’t actually effective. Also, if your cue to start a behavior, such as a canter depart, is an aversive, when you ask for the canter, you are punishing the behavior that was occurring when started to ask for the canter depart. So, if your horse was trotting quietly and you ask for a canter depart (and the horse doesn’t like how the cue for canter depart feels, or it reminds him of something painful or scary that happened in the past) you may just have punished the nice quiet trot. Over time, you horse will be less likely to trot quietly, and may become more nervous at the trot or less cooperative about moving forward at the trot at all.

Sometimes we do something by accident that punishes a behavior that we wanted to reinforce. We have to watch the horse’s body language for signs that we are inadvertently using aversives, or that our training has become frustrating or worrying to the horse.

Sola then shows some photo's. xx

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http://www.flickr.com/photos/piepony/


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PostPosted: Wed Feb 16, 2011 7:44 pm 
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Location: Bend, Oregon, USA
This feed originated with questions about how to give detailed riding tips, likely for riders who are more auditory than kinesthetic. I really like the things that were said about the ball and different ways to think about the pelvis, as I think that different explanations make sense to different learners. While my blog post played down what the rider feels in her body, I was writing for a kinesthetic learner, and I think that talking about cues too much with a kinesthetic person causes them to over-use the aids. Meanwhile, I have no doubt that there are many people who find these sensations very stimulating and get a great deal of benefit from talking about them and organizing them in their minds. Folks talking about cues are not necessarily cultivating them in the way a kinesthetic person like myself would, bur rather in the way I think of following a sensation.

I am not an auditory learner, so do not write in much detail, and am best as a teacher at creating situations where people can safely feel things out for themselves. My last post was responding to the suggestion that there are places and situations where clicker is not welcome. I fully believe that touch can be used as a marker signal and that true appreciation can be used as a reinforcer (otherwise how do familial relations work?) With some horses, I feel this is the right way to go. For example, I choose to use next to no clicker with 0-2 year old ponies from breeders. They have had no bad experiences, naturally love people, and are enthusiastic learners. In those cases, I feel clicker actually slows things down. While it is great for rescued horses of the same ages who are fearful, I believe it is agitating and confusing for primed learners. They love hearing praise, seeing the smile on my face, and how I celebrate their every success. When you have that depth to your relationship, everything comes together seamlessly.

Donald is correct that I look for much more than licking and chewing, which to me is just shorthand for any signs of relaxation. Learning is difficult and we all feel some relief when we understand, so I will write that I look for signs of relaxation in the future. Licking and chewing could be a sign of stress - I have seen it that way, but I have also seen it, and swallowing, yawning, blowing out, etc, as part of coming off of adrenaline. As you said, body language has to be taken in context. One of my biggest pet peeves is people who round pen horses until they lick and chew and don't pay any attention to anything else, so you won't find me going around telling everyone to look for that. I once had a farrier burp in my horse's face because he said it would make him lick and chew and I thought that was disgusting and incredibly offensive.

I wasn't going into length about what I was seeing because my thought would be that most people reading here can read the horse well enough to judge for themselves in the moment with their own horse. Besides, what I look for is more of a feeling, really, then anything that you could check off a list. To me, if you wait until the time is right, there shouldn't be any issue in teaching the canter or anything else. Teaching the canter should be a bonding experience and only enhance the relationship. Of course with every new lesson there will be some agitation resulting from the newness of everything. The horse must have enough faith in you to know that you wouldn't waste time on something un-fun unless there was something really good coming up next.

This is one of my 10 year old students learning to canter. The first video, she is learning on a 14 year old pony who used to root and buck as soon as he felt the canter cue. I believe we'd had him for just under a month here. In the second video, the rider is learning together with her pony who has no cantering experience. You can see in the first video she is not using treats, except giving the white pony one when he kept her on and one on their last go around. With the chestnut pony, she is using treats, but we faded them out quickly as he got too exuberant and would try to offer more lift as he thought that was what we were reinforcing as opposed to simply taking the canter. It takes time for the horse to build the coordination for cantering with a rider. We introduce it slowly and let the horse drop out of it when he needs to. Some horses can go a long way early on and other horses take months to really find their balance. The chestnut pony took a long time to find his balance and as soon as he found it he offered more without prompting from us. I agree that had we made a big deal out of keeping him going we would have been poisoning the canter, but just going in and out of it successfully was reinforcing to him even with out treats, because he wanted it for himself, too.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6aJA6-m68Z4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ojrJXNOZMuA

One of the things I care about most is having ponies that are very safe, so of course in my description of teaching the canter without treats I was not cuing the canter in a way that would punish a relaxed trot. Besides, you'd have to be a real oafish hand with a horse to lose a nice trot simply with 3 repetitions introducing the canter! The ponies I was mentioning knew kiss for canter on the ground but were not certain cantering was acceptable while riding since we'd never done it, so hesitated because they needed confirmation. Generally a horse will try cantering once, then offer the fast trot instead two times to eliminate fast trotting as a correct answer. When you get down and show the horse what you want on the ground, you are avoiding too much nonsense on their back. I believe in getting down to show the horse what you want on the ground when he is confused riding because it builds the horse's faith in your communication and in you as a teacher, and allows you to double check that he is not hesitating for other reasons (soreness, fear, etc). When you get down, you can see things that you might not have been able to perceive through feel alone.

I should also mention that after about 1-5 times of petting and slacking the reins and getting off as soon as you get the canter, the pony will stop the minute he feels you thinking about getting off, and there is no athleticism required. If anything, it makes you safer because the pony learns to always be feeling for that moment you start to come off, whether on purpose or otherwise, and looks forward to stopping and taking a nice walk together on the ground. Eventually, you can just slack the reins and rest without getting down, if that's what you want. Some people might think of getting down as rewarding the horse with reduced work, but in a good relationship, I think it feels more like rewarding him with true affection and appreciation that he can see on eye level and feel right next to him, and your undivided attention. There's something nice about taking that walk together when you're both out of breath and feeling the glow of getting something right. Especially when you both took a chance on something with a lot of room for miscommunication, like introducing the canter.

What you're talking about with punishment or aversive is what I've heard called a poisoned cue. Naturally, it makes sense that if your cue is too strong it will punish the behavior coming before it, but with the way we train, we are always moving into places that are open, not taking on places that are closed. When the door in front opens up, we hint at the idea of cantering to the horse. If he takes it, we'll both experience joy at playing on that edge of our ability. I think horses like a nice flow as much as we do and can appreciate the idea of opening into greater and greater connection, until you're both spent.

I think it is important to remember that most stimuli are aversive and choose wisely, but you need a stimuli to get the canter, however you are going to reinforce it. If you are not silly about how and when you cue the canter, there shouldn't be any issue. Yes sometimes we will have to put the horse in a situation that gets his life up, but again, it all comes back to how many deposits you've made into your trust account. With both students and ponies, you have to have a lot of faith in what you do and be ok with some days being challenging, and trust that two lessons from then, everything will come together. Horses and students should know your heart and if they do, teaching something new doesn't have to be poisonous.

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PostPosted: Wed Feb 16, 2011 8:25 pm 
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Joined: Wed Jun 23, 2010 4:15 pm
Posts: 584
Location: Georgia (USA)
Poking my head in here again to have a look at the latest...

Kali I just have to say wow at the clarity of the explanation you just gave. :ieks:

Secondly the whole idea of teaching canter to begin with like you describe, and also ways to reward a horse who 'offers too many behaviors too quickly with treats" (AKA Diego :funny: :roll: ) are super eye opening to me. Oh how I WISH I'd had the opportunity to be taught like this when I was a kid! :sad: I think I'd have been so much more confident on horseback.

I feel like D and I are starting all over again, and canter is one thing we've neglected lately. What better time to start and try new ways? :f:

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PostPosted: Thu Feb 17, 2011 3:19 am 

Joined: Fri Nov 07, 2008 2:02 pm
Posts: 1072
Location: UK Worcester/Hereford border
Those video's are super. Kindness.
no kicks, no pulling the bit and attempting to offset to achieve correct lead, all of which can be seen demonstrated at local shows.
Colinde, yes I agree with you.
If all kids had opportunity to learn with ponies and teachers like those at PonyPros, horses would be happy with their resulting adult humans in the years to come.
But AND in particular and many clicker and similar trainers are finding a growing following. xx

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http://www.flickr.com/photos/piepony/


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PostPosted: Thu Feb 17, 2011 5:05 am 
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Joined: Sun May 20, 2007 5:52 am
Posts: 1852
Location: Taiwan, via NZ
So many things to applaud in your post Kali,
So many spot on things to respond to,
So little time to write!
Heck, I'll just go ahead and applaud it all!
:applause: :applause: :applause: :applause: :applause: :applause: :applause:
As a teacher of happy horses and happy kids, I 100% support all you say here!

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I have not sought the horse of bits, bridles, saddles and shackles,
But the horse of the wind, the horse of freedom, the horse of the dream. [Robert Vavra]


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PostPosted: Fri Feb 18, 2011 3:29 am 
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Joined: Thu May 17, 2007 8:18 pm
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Location: Alberta
Me too! :applause: :applause: :applause: :applause:

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